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Registered: 02-2004
Location: Middlesbrough UK
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SS Atlantic


Hi All

Here is the first of the shipwrecks of interest, it is a WSL steam liner. it is a short version of my full one.

The "White Star Line" was bought by Thomas Henry Ismay in 1869, this was after the 'White Star Line of Boston Packets' went into liquidation, Ismay bought the company for a reported figure of £[sign in to see URL].

One of the ships he now commanded was the steam ship SS Atlantic, Its main shipping route was Liverpool to New York USA. The S/S Atlantic was Built in Belfast by Harland & Wolff in 1870. She had a tonnage of 3,707 gross tons. She had a single screw, compound engine with 4 cylinders and 4 masts rigged for sail. The engine delivered 600 horse power, Her length was 420 feet, breadth 40 feet, and depth 31 feet. On June 8th she departed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage for New York.

On her 19th voyage on March 20th 1873. She called at Queenstown to take on more passengers and then set out for New York with 957 persons on board. Of which 833 where fair paying passengers.

I should also point out here that the exact number of passengers seems sketchy. Newspaper reports f the time ad various different totals, this is of course the usual thing.

The Ships Captain on this cruise was Captain William’s.

When the ship left Liverpool she was reported by the company to have 996 tons of coal aboard her, This conflicts with what the reason of the Captain was for been where he was. He states that he was low on Coal and wanted to bunker at Halifax. If the first figure was correct then she had 260 tons more than was needed for the whole journey. But according to the captain she only had 127 tons of coal remaining on March 31,

The Times daily newspaper stated that the Captain reported the accident was caused by miscalculations of the ships speed and currant. ( I assume he means sea currant ). It is worth noting here that Quartermaster Reynalds had just prior to this around 2am logged the true speed to be 12 knots.

The Captain had been on the bridge till 12 midnight March the 31, with the Third Officer [sign in to see URL], They reported in the log heavy seas and very dark.

As far as I can tell on the bridge at 2am where, First mate , Mr Metcallf and at the helm Quartermaster Thomas. I cannot find any other member of the crew who was reported to be on the bridge. There would or should of been another officer present. From contemporary reports I think it is likely that 4th Mate Brown was on the bridge.

The above information is gathered from the contemporary newspaper reports, Also in this report they sited the ships officers to blame for the accident. In it Quartermaster Thomas stated at the official inquiry that he had told 1 st mate Metcallf he was too close to land, Metcallf ignored his warnings. Thomas then went to the 4th mate and suggested that they should go above and keep watch because they would hit land before it was spotted if not. Brown told him it was not necessary. Not long after this the lookout at the mast shouted "Ice Ahead" on this shout the course was immediately altered, Quartermaster Thomas was at the wheel, and engines where reversed full power. But at the same instance the hit the rock.

The resulting accident left over 500 dead. The largest passenger liner accident to date. The White star line was to keep this record when in 1912 Titanic struck a ice burg and sank.

regards

graham




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Why dont people do what they say nowadays http://www.freewebs.com/hms-kellington/
http://www.freewebs.com/graham7760/index.htm
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Mar/19/2004, 12:32 pm Link to this post Send Email to graham 01   Send PM to graham 01 Blog
 
wills Profile
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Re: SS Atlantic


that is very interesting.
she sank close to the visinity of titanic didn't she?
well anyway i have been doing quite a bit of research on white star liners lately . there is a lot of interesting stories along the way.

right now i am working the the britannic 1.
wills

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Suicide is a permenant solution to a temporay problem........

Whatever obstacles control,
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Mar/20/2004, 12:20 am Link to this post Send Email to wills   Send PM to wills Blog
 
graham 01 Profile
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Re: SS Atlantic


Hi Wills

She sank near land, at Halifax. But yes in reality not far from Titanic.


Britanic 1, Nice ship.

If you need any help on the WSL let me know I will be only to pleased to help.

Regards
Graham

---
Why dont people do what they say nowadays http://www.freewebs.com/hms-kellington/
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http://www.freewebs.com/hmsroyaloak/
Mar/20/2004, 7:50 am Link to this post Send Email to graham 01   Send PM to graham 01 Blog
 


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